Search our site here                                      
Web Site  
                                      Home     Site Map      Contact Us     About Us      Useful Links  
Main Menu
- Computer Hardware
- Computer Software
- Computer Articles
- Laptops for Sale
PC Resources
- PC Speed up
- Hard Drive Repair
- Anti-virus Protection
PC Learning
- Learn PC Basics
- Computer Dictionary
- Computer terms
- The Newbie Club
- How to build a PC
- Virus Data
Various
- Online auctions
- PC Based Business
- Start a Business info
- Create Talking Ebooks
- Laugh Time
- Join Ebay






















dianetics book

Motherboards Made Easy


What's a Motherboard all about? - The basics.

Tutorial ... "Inside Your PC - Motherboard"

When you open up a computer case you see a large printed circuit board underneath all the other components.

This circuit board is the motherboard, and its function is to provide power and connections to all the other components of the computer. The motherboard (or mobo as it is sometimes called) has various sockets for inserting stuff like video or audio cards. It also has a socket for the Central Processor Unit (CPU), and this socket determines what kind of CPU can be used in the motherboard.

CPU Socket
Motherboards are usually classified by their CPU socket. When shopping for a motherboard you will see Socket A, Socket 478, or Socket 775 for example.

The different types of sockets use different pin layouts for accepting the CPU. You cannot fit a Socket A CPU into a Socket 478 motherboard. At least not without breaking it:-) When you see a name like Socket 478 or Socket 939, the number refers to the number of contacts that the CPU has.

Socket A (also called Socket 462) was the most popular type of layout for AMD processors until recently. It is gradually being replaced by Socket 754 and Socket 939. Socket 478 is a common layout for Intel processors such as the Pentium 4. Intel is gradually introducing a new socket layout called Socket T (also called Socket 775 or LGA 775).

Chipsets
Chipsets are the intermediary between the CPU and the other components of the computer and are divided into two parts--the Northbridge and the Southbridge.

The Northbridge is the faster of the two.It connects directly to the CPU through the Front Side Bus (FSB). The Northbridge also connects directly to the memory and the AGP graphics slot. The Southbridge connects to the PCI cards, the USB ports and the hard drive.

Information from the CPU must first pass through the Northbridge to the Southbridge and finally to the external components. Unlike CPUs, chipsets cannot be removed from the motherboard. It's important that you consider the chipset when buying a CPU/motherboard combination. CPUs are optimized for certain chipsets, so you should choose a motherboard with a chipset that complements the CPU.

Buses
All aboard! Computer data needs a way to travel from one component to another. Like many people, data takes a bus. Huh? Buses connect the various parts of the motherboard to the CPU through the chipset. The speed of the bus determines how fast data can reach the CPU. The speed is measured in megahertz (MHz) and is an important factor in computer performance.

The Front Side Bus (FSB) connects the CPU to the Northbridge so the speed of this bus is a very important specification of any motherboard. There is a broad range of bus speeds on current motherboards--from about 200 MHz all away up to 1600 MHz.


Memory Slots
Most motherboards will have two or three slots for memory chips, but some have up to seven memory slots. The slots are designed to accept memory modules with a certain number of pins, and it's important to buy the correct type of memory module for your motherboard.

Modern motherboards are designed to accept Double Data Rate (DDR) memory, which is twice as fast as regular memory because it can be accessed on both the up and down cycles of the CPU. DDR2 is even faster than DDR, and is quickly becoming the standard for computer memory. Time to give your brain cells a rest:-)


Article by Joe Robson, founder of the outrageously successful Newbie Club at http://newbieclub.com See his other sites listed at http://www.joerobson.com




Viruses can severely affect your computer system and result in lost files. Make sure you protect your PC Today. With the Shield Pro 2006



Copyright 2006 pcsandthings.com. All Rights Reserved.
Speed up your computer and make your computing experience easier.